Dump1090 mutability 2017-02-05
dump1090-mutability Debian/Raspbian packages
This is a fork of MalcolmRobb’s version of dump1090 that adds new functionality and is designed to be built as a Debian/Raspbian package.
This version is licensed under the GPL (v2 or later). See the file COPYING for details.
- 2.4MHz “oversampling” support
- doesn’t run as root
- supports FlightAware-TSV-format connections directly (same as the FlightAware version - no faup1090 needed)
- can start from init.d, with detailed config via debconf or
- can serve the virtual radar map via an external webserver (lighttpd integration included by default)
- map view uses receiver lat/long given to dump1090 automatically
- somewhat cleaned-up network code
- tries to do things “the debian way” when it comes to config, package structure, etc
- probably a bunch of other things I’ve forgotten..
A note on maps
Previously, the dump1090 webmap used Google’s map API. As of July 2016, Google’s policy on keyless use of their API has changed and it’s no longer practical to use that API. To avoid having a completely nonfunctional map on new installs that have not been grandfathered, dump1090 now uses the OpenLayers map API.
- The default view now uses OpenStreetMap tiles;
- Google’s maps are not available even with an API key (Google does not allow use of their imagery via third-party APIs such as OpenLayers);
- There are a couple of new layers - Bing and Mapzen - that can be enabled by providing an API key in config.js. See the comments in config.js for details.
Simple install via apt-get
There is a repository that contains the current releases. To set up the repository:
$ wget https://github.com/mutability/mutability-repo/releases/download/v0.1.1/mutability-repo_0.1.1_armhf.deb $ sudo dpkg -i mutability-repo_0.1.1_armhf.deb
Then you can install and upgrade packages via apt-get as needed:
$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install dump1090-mutability $ sudo dpkg-reconfigure dump1090-mutability # for detailed configuration $ sudo apt-get install lighttpd && sudo lighty-enable-mod dump1090 # if you want to use the external webserver integration
Installing the mutability-repo package also installs the public key used to sign the packages; the signatures will be verified automatically by apt-get.
Manual repository setup
Add a suitable entry to sources.list:
# echo "deb http://repo.mutability.co.uk/raspbian wheezy rpi" >/etc/apt/sources.list.d/mutabiltiy.list
Obtain the public key used to sign the repository release by a method of your choice. This is the signing key:
pub 2048R/4D731812 2014-12-28 [expires: 2015-12-28] Key fingerprint = 2098 7C8D D31A 6107 E033 7CC3 80D5 57AA 4D73 1812 uid Oliver Jowett (repo.mutability.co.uk archive signing key) <email@example.com>
which is available from:
- repo.mutability.co.uk (caution - not HTTPS!)
- keys.gnupg.net (
gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 4D731812)
Install the key with
apt-key add or by placing the keyring in
To install from packages directly:
You will need a librtlsdr0 package for Raspbian. There is no standard build of this. I have built suitable packages that are available from this release page
Then you will need the dump1090-mutability package itself from this release page
Install the packages with dpkg.
By default it’ll only ask you whether to start automatically and assume sensible defaults for everything else. Notable defaults that are perhaps not what you’d first expect:
- All network ports are bound to the localhost interface only. If you need remote access to the ADS-B data ports, you will want to change this to bind to the wildcard address.
- The internal HTTP server is disabled. I recommend using an external webserver (see below). You can reconfigure to enable the internal one if you don’t want to use an external one.
To reconfigure, either use
dpkg-reconfigure dump1090-mutability or edit
/etc/default/dump1090-mutability. Both should be self-explanatory.
External webserver configuration
This is the recommended configuration; a dedicated webserver is almost always going to be better and more secure than the collection of hacks that is the dump1090 webserver.
It works by having dump1090 write json files to a path under
/run once a second (this is on tmpfs and will not write to the sdcard).
The package includes a config file for lighttpd (which is what I happen to use on my system). To use this:
# apt-get install lighttpd # if you don't have it already # lighty-enable-mod dump1090 # service lighttpd force-reload
This uses a configuration file installed by the package at
It makes the map view available at http://
This should also work fine with other webservers, you will need to write a similar config to the lighttpd one (it’s basically just a couple of aliases). If you do set up a config for something else, please send me a copy so I can integrate it into the package!
The default configuration logs to
/var/log/dump1090-mutability.log (this can be reconfigured).
The only real logging other than any startup problems is hourly stats.
There is a logrotate configuration installed by the package at
/etc/logrotate.d/dump1090-mutability that will rotate that logfile weekly.
Bug reports, feedback etc
Packages following the same model for MalcolmRobb & FlightAware’s forks of dump1090 are in the pipeline. So is a repackaged version of piaware.
Building from source
While there is a Makefile that you can use, the preferred way to build is via the Debian package building system:
$ sudo apt-get install librtlsdr-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev pkg-config debhelper $ dpkg-buildpackage -b
Or you can use debuild/pdebuild. I find building via qemubuilder quite effective for building images for Raspbian (it’s actually faster to build on an emulated ARM running on my PC than to build directly on real hardware).
Here’s the pbuilder config I use to build the Raspbian packages:
MIRRORSITE=http://mirrordirector.raspbian.org/raspbian/ PDEBUILD_PBUILDER=cowbuilder BASEPATH=/var/cache/pbuilder/armhf-raspbian-wheezy-base.cow DISTRIBUTION=wheezy OTHERMIRROR="deb http://repo.mutability.co.uk/raspbian wheezy rpi" ARCHITECTURE=armhf DEBOOTSTRAP=qemu-debootstrap DEBOOTSTRAPOPTS="--variant=buildd --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/raspbian-archive-keyring.gpg" COMPONENTS="main contrib non-free rpi" EXTRAPACKAGES="eatmydata debhelper fakeroot" ALLOWUNTRUSTED="no" APTKEYRINGS=("/home/oliver/ppa/mutability.gpg")